Construction Site Safety Checklists by OSHA
- June 15, 2017
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The construction industry is one of the most dangerous fields for employees in the United States, and workers are at high risk for suffering serious injuries. Construction site contractors are responsible for maintaining a safe workplace environment and providing personal protection equipment to their workers. The following are construction site safety checklists from the Occupational Safety and Health Organization (OSHA) to help avoid hazards that cause injuries, illnesses and fatalities at construction sites:
Safety Checklist for Eye and Face Protection
- Workers should always wear safety glasses or face shields during welding, cutting, grinding and nailing to prevent foreign objects from getting into the eye and to protect themselves from harmful chemicals or exposure to flying particles.
- Eye and face protectors should be selected on the basis of anticipated hazards.
Safety Checklist for Foot Protection
- Construction workers should wear work shoes or boots with slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles to prevent crushed toes when working around heavy equipment or falling objects.
Safety Checklist for Hand Protection
- Workers should wear the right gloves for the job. Heavy duty rubber gloves should be used for concrete work, welding gloves for welding and insulated gloves and sleeves for possible exposure to electrical hazards.
Safety Checklist for Head Protection
- Workers should wear hard hats whenever there is a possibility of falling objects on the site, bumps to their heads from fixed objects or accidental head contact with electrical hazards.
- The hats must be routinely inspected for dents, cracks or deterioration.
- They should be replaced after a heavy blow or electrical shock.
Safety Checklist for Scaffoldings
- All scaffolds should be set on a sound footing and should be fully planked.
- Unless they are designed to be mobile, scaffolds should not be moved horizontally while workers are on them.
- Workers working on scaffolds should be adequately trained in the proper procedures.
- Scaffolds should not be erected or moved within 10 feet of power lines.
- Scaffolds should not be overloaded with more weight than they were designed to support.
Safety Checklist to Avoid Electrocution
- Working on any energized electrical circuit should be prohibited until all power is shut off and grounds are attached.
- Frayed, damaged or worn electrical cords or cables should be promptly replaced.
- All electrical tools and equipment should be maintained in a safe condition and checked regularly for defects. If a defect is found, they should be taken out of service immediately.
- Overhead electrical power lines should be located and identified.
Safety Checklist for Cranes
- Cranes should be equipped with load charts for operators to use.
- Cranes should be inspected daily prior to use to ensure that they are in good condition.
- Crane platforms and walkways should have antiskid surfaces.
- Overload limits should be tested and correctly set.
- Initial and annual inspection of cranes should be performed, and reports should be maintained.
- Only properly trained and qualified operators should be allowed to operate cranes.
Safety Checklist for Forklifts
- Forklift operators must have the capability to operate forklifts safely.
- No employee under 18 years should be allowed to operate a forklift.
- Forklifts should be inspected daily to maintain the proper condition of brakes, horns, steering, forks and tires.
- Overhead guards must be in place to protect the operator from falling objects.
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